Korean War (30)

RAR-1's jeeps tow trailers of supplies

RAR-1’s jeeps tow trailers of supplies

15 June 1952, the HMCS Athabaskan and ROKN AMC-301 supported a guerrilla raid in the Tokhyon-san area.  The guerrillas went down the peninsula under aerial strafing and then withdrew; causing 60 enemy casualties.  The naval bombardment caused 30 casualties.  Two junks loaded with fuel and secret documents were captured.

HMCS Athabaskan

HMCS Athabaskan

20 June,the USS Bayonne destroyed 17 sampans in the Hungnam area while under fire.  The USS Horace A. Bass started a series of 4 amphibious raids for intelligence and destruction by landing ROK troops at night on selected targets along the northeast coast.  This operation would last three days.

23 June, was the first time B-29s were used in Korea; this was Operation Strangle.  Four CVs launched a total of 290 aircraft and teamed up with the 5th Air Force to attack the communist hydro-electric plant at Sui-Ho Dam (4th largest in the world) on the Yalu River and at Kyosen, Fusen.  All 9 different plants were hit; 40 aircraft from the 1st Marine Air Group 12 attacked the plant at Chosin, scoring 20 hits; 38 F9F-2 aircraft from MAG-33 destroyed a different plant at Chosin.  All these sites were located midway between the Sea of Japan and the Manchurian border in northeast Korea.

B-29 Superfortress

B-29 Superfortress

24 June, planes from the US carriers continued their attacks.  The final count of all the transformer stations in the Hwanghae Province showed all installations at Yuchon, Haeju, Chaeryong and Kaishu destroyed; those at Changyon damaged by rocket and bomb attacks.

25 June, the planes launched from 4 US carriers (TF-77) flew 193 sorties striking military targets in the Wonsan area.  The action here signified that the war had entered its third year.  The Yodo Air Strip project started on 3 June was now completed.

HMS Comus

HMS Comus

3 July, TF-90 amphibious vessels began redeployment of 70,000 trouble-making POWs from Koje-do to the new camps on different islands.  This operation was take two weeks.  The aircraft of TF-77 attacked the power complexes at Fusen and Puryong.  All this time, the 1st Marine Division had been receiving new troops to maintain their capability to occupy, protect and actively defend its area of responsibility of I Corps, 8th Army.  350 guerrillas carried out a successful raid on the peninsula north of Mudo Island with the support of the HMS Comus.

6 July, on orders from I Corps, the 1st Marine Div. initiated Operation Buckshot, a large scale infantry raid on enemy positions.  The USS Philippine Sea (CVA-47) completed her second Korean cruise and VF-112, the F9F squadron aboard her, completed their entire combat tour without loss or damage to a single plane.

whaler from the HMAS Warramunga, 21 June 1952

whaler from the HMAS Warramunga, 21 June 1952

7-10 July, TF-77 pilots reported much traffic moving north of Hungnam on the route from that city to Hongwon.  On the west coast, a coordinated air-sea strike was conducted against the Sillyon Myon peninsula, north of the Taedong River.  HMAS Warramunga and the USS Kimberly destroyed all coastal and AA guns.  Aircraft from the HMS Ocean deamaged a transformer station.  Truce talks were now entering their second year.

11 July, one of the largest raids of the war, a joint UN effort against Pyongyang began.  This included planes from US ships and the Ocean, US and Australian Air Forces, all attacking industrial targets.  Photos showed very successful hits and later, intelligence reported a large hit on an enemy shelter caused 400-500 casualties, including government and high communist party members.

155mm howitzer, Battery A, 92nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion, June 1952 Kumhwa, Korea

155mm howitzer, Battery A, 92nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion, June 1952
Kumhwa, Korea

Three North Koreans in a sampan surrendered to the USS Holister near the island of Mayang-do.  The ROK Liaison oficer aboard ship interrogated the prisoners and confirmed the presence of 5 guns on the mainland opposite the island.  The guns were situated in caves and rolled out on tracks to fire at approaching ships.

In the Haeju area, HMS Comus (DD) neutralized the mortar fire and spotters reported her guns killed 47 and wounded 23 of the enemy troops.

Click on images to enlarge.

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Farewell Salutes – 

Robert Baber, SR. – Alexandria, VA; US Army, WWII

Purple Heart

Purple Heart

Watson Blair – NYC & Palm Beach, FL; US Navy, WWII

Joe Boccalero – Los Angeles, CA; US Army, WWII POW, Purple Heart, Bronze Star

Franklin Brown – Fullerton, CA; US Navy, Lt. JG, WWII

William Gaylord – Honeoye, NY & Stuart, FL; US Army Air Force paratrooper, WWII

Nicholas Grassano – Newark, NJ & Boca Raton, FL; US Army, WWII

Alan Scott – Middlemore, New Zealand; Royal New Zealand Air Force, 75th Bomber Squadron, WWII

Otto Wilner – Chicago, IL; US Army, WWII

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About GP Cox

Everett Smith served with the Headquarters Company, 187th Regiment, 11th A/B Division during WWII. This site is in tribute to my father, "Smitty." GPCox is a member of the 11th Airborne Association. Member # 4511 and extremely proud of that fact!

Posted on December 10, 2013, in Korean War and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 42 Comments.

  1. It constantly amazes me the amount of damage that was done during this war that we knew little about. Fighting was vigorous and casualties were high.

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  2. Makes me wonder, when you mention , guns in caves rolling out on tracks, just how much of that history is still locked away in caves, and just how much history, lies on the sea bed.
    Ian aka Emu

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  3. Back to WW2, I noticed these death notices in our paper today which you might like to add to your list: Gordon Frank Anderson, 5th Field Regiment, Gunner, WW2, Christchurch, NZ and Charles Edward Baxter, RAF/RNZAF, Waiuku, NZ.

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    • Thank you very much for your additions. Most of the readers here take in the comments for added data – I’m certain they will attract attention. If not, in the future I will put into the post directly. Thank you for this.

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  4. Great photographs, very original being in b/w.

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  5. Reblogged this on YouViewed/Editorial and commented:
    For wonderfully researched posts on the Pacific wars , whether WWII or Korea this site has it . Check it out .

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  6. As an airplane and warbirds enthusiast glad to see that the F9F got a mention. Apart from the F86 Sabre and MIG15 it is rare that other aircraft types get mentioned.

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  7. So the Superfortress did see limited action during the Korean War. I would not have imagined that given they would have been easy pickings for MIgs. But that 155mm howitzer… I certainly would much rather be at the sending end. That thing could lob a HE shell a looooooong ways.

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  8. Favourite? Spitfire wins hands down with me … and this may surprise, F4U Corsair & P38 Lightning. (Oops, a soft spot for the Brit Mosquito also …)

    As to what was the best: I leave that one for history to answer (I ain’t dumb enough to even try~!). Mustang? FW 190?

    Great post, GP. (Thanks for that snap, too — for all the blisters I got mucking around in whalers I never had a snap of one. That’s a beaut.)

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  9. With the amount of damage doled out to them, and comparitive lack of successful retaliation, it is amazing that the whole thing continued to drag on in the way it did.

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    • Communist China had a huge supply of troops and workers to draw from. For example, you knock out their trucks, and they bring in ammo and supplies by way of a human train.

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      • That is an aspect easily overlooked unless pointed out! It would be interesting to compute the numbers of actual people who were directly or indirectly involved on both sides.

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        • They can’t even figure out how many died on both side as far as the civilian population, not to mention Chinese brought in as porters, etc. Every source has a different estimation, but it runs in the millions.

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  10. The bombing of the dams has become a contemporary controversy, again. It was interesting to read about it in this post.

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  11. The F9F in Korea was significant, in that, it was the Navy’s first successful carrier-based jet fighter plane. There were later swept-wing versions, and it was the first jet fighter used by the Blue Angels–according to Wikipedia.

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  12. What a massive attack on their infrastructure…blowing up the hydros…It’s not a WAR…Truce talks that go on for two years…sounds like propaganda to me.

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  13. I am enjoying reading your blogs. I was six years old when this war was going on and being a young kid from Texas I would only hear that there was a war in Korea. Of course when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor over shadowed every thing. Thank you for keeping these memories alive so that we don’t forget the sacrifices that were made.

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  14. Very interesting series on the Korean War. I was aware of the general course of the war, but had no idea that navies paid such a significant role. I had thought that their role was confined to air strikes launched from carriers and the amphibious landing at Inchon, but you ahve shown that warships played a far greater role than that.

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  15. What!
    No airplanes pictures.
    What about B-29s!

    Go here…

    http://forgottenhobby.wordpress.com/2013/12/06/my-first-love/

    I know this will make you day.
    I will talk about my B-29 later. You will laugh till Christmas Day.

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