Korean War (26)

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1 March 1952, the Patrol Squadrons VP-22 and 47 of Fleet Air Wing One reported spotting a 32-vessel Russian convoy in the Formosa area in the China Sea.   The USS Endicott, during a counter-battery fight on the east coast, Chuuronjang area, eliminated the gun fire from shore.  On the west coast, the enemy began to group-up for an attack on Re-do; the fighting held off the enemy.

2 March, the LST 561 foundered off Yongpyong-do on the west coast with a loss of all hands.  This included 2 US Naval officers, (including the commander of the LST Division-12), 2 US Army officers, one ROK naval officer, 5 USN enlisted men and 2 Royal Marines.  Due to a threat of a planned demonstration led by the Japanese Communist Party in the Chigasaki beach area, Naval Beach One organized a task force to evacuate personnel and supplies in the area.

USS Samuel N. Moore

USS Samuel N. Moore

6 March, in the Songjin Harbor, HMAS Warramunga, USS Samuel N. Moore and Carrier Task Force-95 began Operation Roof Lifter.  Large numbers of buildings and houses were destroyed and many fires were started.  The next day, truck tracks in the ice indicated a landing of enemy supplies from Chinnampo.  It was suspected they were for plans of attack on Sok-to and/or Cho-do.

 

Under Water Demolition Team

Under Water Demolition Team

11 March, Mine Squadron-3 and UDT-5 (Underwater Demolition Team) on the USS Colonial recovered the first R-MYaM; a new type of Russian mine, a moored, contact, chemical horn mine laid by a surface craft for use in shallow water.  Two Banshee jets from Marine Photo Squadron-1, on a photo mission suffered severe damage when they were attacked by 4 swept-wing enemy fighters.

12 March, Operation Alcatraz, a reconnaissance landing on a small island in enemy territory just south of the Suwon Dam lighthouse was successful.  A friendly guerrilla landing on Cho-do island killed 60% of the enemy and was now in UN hands; the occurred on Onchon-do.

MK-4 rocket "Mighty Mouse"

MK-4 rocket “Mighty Mouse”

13 March, the commander of the First Marine Aircraft Wing, MGeneral Christian Schilt, USMC, informed naval operations of his statistics relevant to the recent Mighty Mouse (2.75″) rocket evaluation program.  The weapon, with folding fins, was not the success it was hoped for.  It was later scraped once air-to-air missiles became available.

15 March, Truman ordered that the Military protection of Formosa, the Pescadores and the Philippines would now be under CINCPAC (Commander in Charge Pacific).  An enemy night raid on Yongmae-do was halted by the HMS Concord.

17 March, the 29th Infantry Regiment started their amphibious training on Okinawa.  Some of the small islands just off shore of Kojo, Korea were attacked by the enemy.  The USS Hamner put a landing party ashore on Nan-do where enemy forces were suspected.

18 March, the Amphibious Redeployment Group (TG-90.5) composed of 2 AKAs, 3 LSDs, 10 LSTs and 2 PCEC started to lift the 1st Marine Division tanks, heavy equipment and troops from Sokcho-ri to Inchon (Going from the east coast to west coast.).  This would take 7 days to complete.

Former Philippine President (then Lieutenant) Fidel Ramos; platoon commander that took Hill Eerie

Former Philippine President (then Lieutenant) Fidel Ramos; platoon commander that took Hill Eerie

21 March, guerrillas and ROK AMC-309 raided the north bank of the Han River; 25 of the enemy killed and their barracks were burned.  The 1st Marine Division CP moved to the Tongji-ri area.  The 3rd Platoon, K Company, 179th Infantry, made up of 26 men (2 rifle squads, a light machine-gun  squad and 60 mm squad) set out to take Hill Eerie about 10 miles west of Ch’orwon.  The CCF attacked at 2330 hours and the machine-gun fight went on until the troops of Hill 418 supported with additional machine-guns and mortar fire.

Company C/14th Engineer Combat Batt./8th US Army w/ a barrage balloon M-1 VLA (35'x14') to mark the perimeter of the Panmunjon Armistice Conference. 22 March 1952

Company C/14th Engineer Combat Batt./8th US Army w/ a barrage balloon M-1 VLA (35’x14′) to mark the perimeter of the Panmunjon Armistice Conference. 22 March 1952

22 March, K Company was overrun by the enemy.  Captain Clark’s men on Hill 418 were ordered to retake the Hill.  They later withdrew to the MLR.

Click on images to enlarge.

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Farewell Salutes – 

Gordon Gotzinger – Mesa, AZ; USMC, Vietnamsize0

Vincent Brezinsky – Plainfield, IL; US Navy, Korea, USS Mathews

George Coon – Floral Park, NY; US Army, WWII

Robert Fields – Kirkland, WA; US Navy, WWII, Chief Petty Officer, USS Franks

Glenna Ann Evanson – Seattle, WA; office of the Secretary to the Army Corps of Engineers, WWII

Edward O’Brien – Westbury, NY; US Army 1st Lt., WWII, ETO

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Resources: history,navy.mil; “Korean War” by Stephen Badsey”; “The Korean War” by Maurice Isserman; Wiki; korean on line.com; Koreanwar2.org; !st Marine Division Records; Korean War 60th Anniversary

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About GP Cox

Everett Smith served with the Headquarters Company, 187th Regiment, 11th A/B Division during WWII. This site is in tribute to my father, "Smitty." GPCox is a member of the 11th Airborne Association. Member # 4511 and extremely proud of that fact!

Posted on November 6, 2013, in Korean War and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 39 Comments.

  1. glad you had a pic of my former prez, boss and fellow retiree, ex-prez fidel v ramos. a great leader and mentor he truly was.

    write on, my friend! i never tire of reading your stories. wish i had the time to just laze and absorb your blogs. truly fascinating.

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  2. The short report on the Mighty Mouse missile… That thing looks as if it would fall out of the sky like a rock! Folding fins?? Not the success they hoped for? OMGosh! 🙂 But surely, judging by the reports of the (intense) fighting, this was a harrowing war for the boots on the ground.

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    • YES it was. I was extremely disappointed in our historians for their versions – the UN was trying to keep the action between the ROKs, guerrillas and naval forces vs the communists at this point, but it wasn’t all that successful.

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  3. I am very familiar of this time of war. Thanks for posting.

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  4. Ramos was President when we lived in Manila around 1992. It’s great to read about him here, like this!

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  5. Some of the best pictures ever!

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  6. Thought you might enjoy this link to a story about a Canadian Korean War/WWII vet, Jim Wilson, who was in the Navy and part of the ‘Trainbusters’ who were known for their success in blowing up trains, firing from ships, along the North Korean coast. There’s also a link in the article to The Memory Project for war vets stories.

    http://www.johncarmichael.ca/?p=5624

    http://www.thememoryproject.com

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    • Thank you for adding those links, it’s good to have more of the Canadian participation. (Since Canada fought mainly in Europe, I don’t have all that much.) Have you looked at all those photos on the Memory Project! That’s fantastic, pictures (to Me) explain much more than I can with words.

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  7. I found myself looking up the Korean war dates after reading this post. Until I started reading your blog, I was hardly aware of it. Since then I have become immersed in the details, in spite of my ignorance. Thank you.

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    • Thanks for the compliment, but I find from your own posts that you are far from ignorance – you were not taught anymore about the war than the rest of us. Thanks for dropping in, Hillary.

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  8. GP – You are just too good. Now I have students that I mentor hooked on your blog (ranging in ages 11-22). They find your blogs alot more intriguing that what’s in their on-line history books. Your great research is a wonderful research tool for a great group of kids.

    Good news for Tom – He was able to help me around the house yesterday. We wanted to go back to the garden and mulch but too wet and cold to risk his compromised system. When we read the final blog last night before he went to sleep, he wanted to know if there were more blogs on my tablet he could maybe read when he can’t sleep. I’ve locked his i-Pad to your site and started it with your early post of WWII. You are indeed a master at putting this history forward in a meaningful way for al generations to appreciate at the same time.

    I’m going to ask Tom, in his non-threating and easy-going manner, to see if he could visit some of the older WWII vets at the VA and maybe get them to telling war stories. Tom’s barber has volunteered to go the next time Tom goes and he’ll donate his time for however Tom lasts. Some of the men haven’t had proper haircuts and shaves in years and Tom thought it might help them feel better and boost the moral before their next major outing.

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    • None of this would be possible if it weren’t for you. I think you have gotten me readers than Word Press! I’m just overwhelmed that so many want to learn what happened and help to remember the men that served. Nothing is better than hearing Tom is having such good days. For him and the barber to visit the vets, I think, will do everybody some good. Thank you for all your volunteering, care and time spent for the vets – you are one in a million!

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  9. Especially like that first photo!

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  10. Given your interests, have you considered watching some Korean movies about the Korean War?

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  11. Thanks so much for what you’re posting on the Korean War. I know so little about it. It’s only now that I’ve managed to drag myself away from the history of the First and Second World Wars to learn about Korea. Powerful photograph of the U.S. Navy planes and aircraft carrier.

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    • Frankly, when I first got into the research, I didn’t think it would take much to post the war and then get back to WWII from the start and with the Japanese side to it – but here we are – even in the “lull” time of the war – action was constant.

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      • Isn’t that always the case? I thought the Italian Campaign would be cut and dry, but as I started to learn more I realized I knew absolutely nothing about it. Complex, constant action and really interesting.

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  12. This is a really great picture~

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  13. Thanks for this post as it gives me a better understanding of other operations in Korea!

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    • You are more than welcome. If you have anything to add – feel free. As you can see by the comment sections of other readers, I enjoy having them put in stories , etc. that they have or find.

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  14. Some great pics of weapons that I’ve never heard of.

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  15. HMAS Warrmunga !!! As mentioned previously, one of the ships my father in law served on. Will have to follow up more on Operation Roof lifter.

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