Camp MacKall & the Knollwood Maneuvers

WACO glider at Camp MacKall – reverse side reads: “Hello Mom, Finally got some cards that can let you see what these gliders we ride around in look like. This picture was taken on our camp field. I have a few more that I’ll sens to you. Regards to all. Hope to be home this Wednesday.” Everett

The type of construction used for the barracks at Camp MacKall and the above hospital is called a “theatre of operations.”  Built on pilings and constructed of green sawed pine boards which is then covered with type 4 black tar paper.  The wood was cut from trees on the camp property using 7 sawmills running 24/7.  When the boards dried out, the 2 pot-bellied stoves were incapable of keeping the men warm.  Smitty spent some time at that hospital when the army discovered he did not perspire.  The medication took 3 weeks to kick in and then he was back to marching.

The Knollwood Maneuver would not only be the deciding factor for the 11th Airborne, but also for future paratrooper divisions as a whole.  5 December 1943, Army Ground Forces test team deployed a composite combat team from the 17th A/B, plus a battalion from Col. Duke McEntee’s 541st Parachute Infantry Regiment to be situated at Knollwood Airport and other critical points to act as the ‘enemy.’

Viewer to this operation included: Under Secretary of War, Robert Patterson; General McNair; General Ridgeway (82nd A/B); BGen. Lee Donovan; Airborne Command and several teams of high-ranking inspectors from the War Dept., Army Ground Forces and Army Air Forces.

On midnight of Dec. 6, 1943, 200 C-47 Dakota transports carried the troopers and towed the 234 gliders from five separate airfields to begin the operation.  The lift-offs were timed so that each plane would join the column in its proper place.  The aircraft became a vee-of-vees, nine ships wide as the formations grew larger.  They made a rendezvous on the Atlantic coastline and took a 200 mile circular route before aiming toward the inland drop zones; most of the men would jump during evening’s darkness at 1200′.  Almost all the troopers and gliders hit the proper DZ (drop Zones) and LZs (landing zone).  However, the division chief of staff and his glider load landed in a road on the Fort Bragg artillery range.

Weather conditions were not condusive for jumping as the rain became sleet, but still, 85% were successful.  There were 2 casualties and 48 injuries.  The 11th Airborne “captured” and “held” the Aberdeen and Knollwood Airports from the defending forces.  The exercise came to an end on Dec. 12 – Smitty’s 29th birthday.  The War Dept., after reviewing the reports, replied to Gen. Swing that they had been wrong and the training for such a specialized unit should proceed. (As it would turn out, their training had only just begun. )

News from home: Smitty’s friend, George Dunlop rescued two Navy pilots after their training plane crashed into Jamaica Bay.  The company of soldiers that were stationed on Broad Channel became an actual camp and decided to call it — Camp Smith!  War bond drives were going on as well as the dimming of the street lamps.

Below is the graduation class of the 187th regiment, 11th Airborne Division – Everett Smith is in the back row, fifth from the right (in front of the tree), Arthur G. Weyant (bottom row, far left)

187th, Headquarters Company

On Jan. 1, 1944, the Headquarters Building for the 11th burnt to the ground.   Jan. 2, the division began its train ride south to Camp Polk, LA.

Click on images to enlarge.

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Military Humor – From the 82nd A/B Div. Assoc.

airborne_agenda

tell_me_a_again

 

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Farewell Salutes – 

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About GP Cox

Everett Smith served with the Headquarters Company, 187th Regiment, 11th A/B Division during WWII. This site is in tribute to my father, "Smitty." GPCox is a member of the 11th Airborne Association. Member # 4511 and extremely proud of that fact!

Posted on September 28, 2012, in SMITTY, Uncategorized, WWII and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 18 Comments.

  1. thank you very much for posting the pics. it makes me so proud.For that was my father on the bottom row,far left.Arthur Glen Weyant…infact I had the honor of meeting some of you a few years ago when yall had your final get together at the Rod and Gun club at Ft. Cambell ky. thank you again for the memories.. Dave (son)

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  2. Thank you for the knowledge, I do like your posts.

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  3. Very interesting ! Thanks! We have to never forget!

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  4. The Moore County Historical Association (Moore County, NC, is home to what was then called Knollwood Army Auxiliary Airfield and now Moore County Airport) is gathering up information for a display and an upcoming public presentation about the Knollwood Maneuver. If anyone can help out please contact Sue Pockmire at info@moorehistory.com. Thanks!

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  5. Those post cards are so special. My uncles used to send my mom letters during WWII on a special paper where it had the appearance of a photo quality. I have no samples. Can you tell me more about this type of communication? Or do you have it posted in an article I haven’t read yet?

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    • No, I’m afraid you’ve caught me. I do not have any information about that type of stationary. Perhaps one of the other readers will comment on this.

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  6. Your writing is incredible, with extraordinary details and narrative.

    My father was in the army during WWII, in the European Theater Operations, serving England, in Italy’s liberation and in Germany and Belgium.

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  7. Fascinating history you have collected & posted!

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  8. What!

    No comments!

    Love the pictures.
    It brings everything to life. The narration of the Knollwood Maneuvers is simple, but straight to the point. This was no piece of cake!

    Now I understand more about my distant cousin who was with the 327th Glider Infantry Regiment and who died in Operation Market Garden.

    http://steanne.wordpress.com/2011/12/23/a-time-to-remember-william-ritchie/

    Lest we forget those who left no descendants to remember them.

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    • I have a whole layout of the Knollwood Maneuvers from the Army historian Eugene Piasecki, but I had to shorten things somewhere. Maybe I’ll elaborate later on.

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  1. Pingback: 11th Airborne Division and 187th Regiment | pacificparatrooper

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